KiTAP

Test of Attentional Performance for Children

"The enchanted castle"

Start screen of KiTAP

 

The Purpose

This version was created to ensure optimal motivation for children during testing by providing a design suitable especially for younger children. By increasing motivation and compliance, validity of test values should be maximised.

Great importance is attached to the attentional performance of school-age children, particularly regarding school lessons. Assessing attention in school children is crucial for the several different diagnostic questions. There is however a current lack of test instruments specifically designed to provide a differential measure of young school childrens' attentional abilities.

The test battery Test of Attentional Performance for Children was constructed with particular attention paid to the same consideration that applied to the adult version of the test battery.

The test battery Test of Attentional Performance for Children was constructed with particular attention paid to the same consideration that applied to the adult version of the test battery. The development of these tests entailed the adaptation of the central procedures of TAP in a child-friendly form. The choice of tests is based on the analysis of data from 148 children between the age of 6 and 10 years that were tested with TAP. A factor analysis of the data revealed a factor structure with five independent aspects or factors which are represented each by a TAP subtest.

The factors could be interpreted as

  • "Speed" (Alertness)
  • "Flexibility" (Flexibility)
  • "Divided attention" (Divided Attention)
  • "Reaction control" (Go/Nogo)
  • "Visual scanning performance" (Visual Scanning)

Additionally, the following subtests have been implemented:

  • "Distractibility"
  • "Vigilance"
  • "Sustained Attention"

 

The Subtests

  1. Alertness (The witch)
  2. Distractibility (The sad and the happy ghost)
  3. Divided Attention (The owls)
  4. Flexibility (The dragons' house)
  5. Go/Nogo (The bat)
  6. Sustained Attention (The ghosts ball)
  7. Vigilance (The mirror)
  8. Visual Scanning (The witches' parade)

 

Design of the user interface

Screenshot of the KiTAP user interface

Language

This program contains the following languages:

  • German
  • English
  • French
  • Italian
  • Spanish
  • Danish (since build 10/2011)
  • Dutch (since build 10/2011)
  • Portuguese (since build 10/2011)
  • Chinese-simplified (since build 10/2011)
  • Chinese-traditional (since build 10/2011)
  • Russian (since build 05/2014)
  • Polish (since build 05/2014)

 

Norms

Standardisation and determination of norms were achieved on the basis of data from normal, healthy, unimpaired children between the ages of 6 and 10 years. As there were large age differences in progression as well as dispersion, standardisation was conducted separately for a younger age cohort (6-7 years) and an older cohort (8-10 years).

You'll find an tabulated overview of the normed tests and subtests on a separated site.

Standardisation was based on a regression analysis where sex, age and interaction of sex and age trends were considered. Output of norm data can be displayed as Percentile or T value, respectively.


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